Electronic cadastral register

The cadastral register is the most complex of the Slovak registers, containing more than 70 million information sets, i.e. all real property on the territory of the Slovak Republic. Formally, the register identifies the real property, in the case of land - it provides the number of the land-plot, its area and the land's culture. If you enter legal relations relating to real property and if you trust the data registered in the cadastre (especially what in respect of the ownership) - you should be well protected. In spite of being a public register, our legal system stipulates that the data registered in the cadastre are valid until proved otherwise. This is also the weak point of the system and you could face problems if not approaching a notary. A notary will help you to compensate this legal gap and eliminate loopholes for fraud.

 

Security of legal transactions

If you communicate with the Office of Geodetics, Cartography and Cadastre of the Slovak Republic (Úrad geodézie, kartografie a katastra SR) through a notary - you will be on safe side. The notary will check the ownership structure of the real property and the notary is also responsible for the identification of the parties come for the elaboration of a flawless legal act and he will ensure also the record in the real property register. Since the legal transactions drawn up in the form of notarial protocols - the security and certainty with cadastral procedures is increased. The notary also has the authority (and duty at the same time) to identify the parties to the procedure. Should you become victim to abuse and sustain a loss in spite of the aforementioned verification, you are protected and can claim indemnity from the state.

 

Legal certainty

If the agreement on the transfer of the ownership right to the real property is draw up by a notary as a notarial protocol and sent for registration to the real-estate cadastre, the contracting parties obtain legal certainty. The notary may also ensure a securing of the money through notarial deposition, i.e. the purchase price will not be released to the seller before the property is registered in the cadastre with the new owner.

The notary is responsible for the proper and correct elaboration of the contract. If you suffer any damage related to the property transfer due an errancy of the notary, the notary is insured and this guarantees the return of the money through indemnification. For the case of damage in connection with the elaboration of a notarial protocol, the notary is obliged to provide the parties to the contract on the transfer of real property with the amount insured and the name of the insurance company.

 

Acceleration and simplification of the registration process in the real-estate cadastre

The notary will ensure the complete registration in the cadastre. When the notary draws up a contact on the transfer of real property, the cadastre administration concentrates only on the compliance with the cadastral operate, i.e. it does not examine the civil aspects of the agreement. The cadastre administrators can use this saved time to speed up the registration process. This means that you will have the real property registered within 20 days for 66 €. The hitherto legal regulation was 66 € for a registration within 30 days and 265.50 € within 15 days.

 

The notary and guaranteed electronic signature (ZEP)

Each notary has a guaranteed electronic signature, enabling him/her (as a body of the civil-service) to communicate in a verified, secure and trustworthy electronic way. The notary is a public agent and the exercise of notary activities constitutes the exercise of public authority. The state fulfils justice administration tasks and within this task, the notary is a carrier of legal prevention. When filing a request for registration to the cadastre electronically, the applicable Act enables a reduction of the 66 € administrative fee down to 18 €. In this way, the notary's client will save 48 €.